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谢庆立副教授—如何当好一名翻译

作者:管理员 | 时间:2012-7-2 | 点击:56

        为给同学们营造浓厚的学术氛围,今年小学期外院为2010级英语专业和日语专业的同学安排了数场学术讲座。6月29日,学院举办了第一场讲座,由外院副院长谢庆立老师主讲。此次讲座主要围绕“如何当好一名翻译”这个话题展开。

       谢老师首先提到翻译对语言专业学生的重要性,接着他又提到了翻译可能为求职者带来的诸多好处。讲座的第一部分谈及翻译应具备的素质,大致可以分成以下三方面:

1.   个人素质方面:需要很强的责任心、做到勤奋、守时、灵活。谢老师特别强调了责任心。他指出翻译错误轻则陷入尴尬局面,重则危及生命安全;他又指出效率和专业能力在守时方面的重要性,建议同学们多做训练。

2.   语言方面:语言能力以及语言外的知识。语言是互通的,谢老师指出在英语学习中,汉语也不可落下,要点滴积累、扩大词汇量、学习地道表达;而说到语言外知识时,谢老师引用了人们常说的“翻译既要是个通才,又要是个专才”来诠释了其重要性。

3.  培养跨文化交际意识,了解不同文化背景下事物的不同意义。要遵守礼貌原则、避免语用失误、正确解读信息及运用身体语言。

      讲座的第二部分是在本科阶段如何学好翻译这个问题。谢老师提出五个方面:掌握翻译理论、掌握翻译技巧、培养对语言的敏感度、扩大知识面、挑战自我。他又给出一些具体的建议:

1.  做一个勤奋而仔细的学习者,尽可能多实践、勤查字典、善用网络搜索引擎、从参考翻译中学习。

2.  做一个批判思维者,不能从字面理解,应该读懂字里行间的意思再进行翻译。

3.  大量阅读。多阅读各类汉语和外语的书报杂志,扩大知识面。

4.  多参加讲座,谢老师说专家把长时间努力得来的结果总结成一两节课的精华,哪怕只有一两句话觉得对自己有用,也可能对日后的影响很大。

       此次讲座提高了同学们学习翻译的热情,谢老师分享的经验为同学们日后学习翻译指明了方向,他所讲述的做人的道理也让同学们受益匪浅。

 First Academic Lecture in the Trimester of 2012: How to Be a Good Translator

By Shen Xiaoqian

         On June 29th, the first academic lecture entitled “How to Be a Good Translator” was given by Xie Qingli, Associate Professor and vice dean of the SFL.

        At the beginning, Mr. Xie asked, “Why is translation important to a language student?” After he clarified the importance, he continued with the first part of the lecture, which centered on the qualities a translator should possess. Mr. Xie listed some personal qualities like a strong sense of responsibility, diligence, punctuality and flexibility. He laid special emphasis on responsibility and advised students to practice more. He also told students to develop linguistic competence and broaden extra-linguistic knowledge, both of which needed to be accumulated bit by bit. He quoted a popular remark, “A translator/An interpreter should know something about everything and know everything about something.” Then he pointed out cross-cultural awareness. Students should learn different meanings of a thing or a behavior under various cultural backgrounds, stick to principles of politeness and avoid pragmatic failures.

        The second part focused on how to learn translation during the undergraduate years. Five suggestions were given: mastering translating theory, mastering translating skills, developing the language sensitivity, broadening horizon and challenging ourselves. He also gave some specific tips that students should be a diligent and careful learner, be a critical thinker, read a lot and attend lectures.

        This lecture helped students understand translation better and arouse their enthusiasm and interest in learning it. The experience that Mr. Xie shared was also very beneficial to the students’ living and learning.




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